(Note: 100% of the information below has been drawn from different web sources and cross-checked. i just put it in chronological order and claim no ownership of any of the statements)
The manipulation of Greek people by their leaders in cooperation with the foreign "creditors" goes back a long way. Starting in 1824, after the 1821 revolution of the occupied Greece against the Turkish domination, which led to the freedom of Greece (a loan was given of 770 millions in French currency, from which the banks kept over 300 millions, and the rest went to the pockets of army officials).
In 1913, the Greek army shed blood and managed to free the railroad Thessaloniki-Constantinople ...; until the French decided that, since they were our "allies", they should have a portion of that. However, they knew they couldn't ask for a land that was Greek, so they forced Greece to pay for it. Greece was pressured by "ally" France to borrow money, 8 million in dollars, to pay for a land that was freed by the Greek army forces alone.
In 1920s, the Greek Army had secured Smyrna and the Asia Minor coast, while the Italians and Russians were selling weapons to the Nationalist Turks under Kemal Attaturk and the British and French had negotiated a separate peace. After being encouraged by their European 'friends', the Greek Army finds itself isolated in central Turkey, where they are defeated by the forces of Kemal Attaturk and forced to flee to the shores of the Aegean. In their wake they bring with them thousands of Greek and Christian citizens of the Ottoman Empire who fear that the advancing Turks would massacre them. While the French, British, Russians and USA watch in the harbor, waiting to sign contracts with the new Turkish government, the city of Smyrna is burned. Approximately 30,000 people are murdered in Smyrna, among them the Greek Orthodox Archbishop Chrysostomos who had been hacked to death by a frenzied mob. (See Smyrna 1922: The Destruction of A City by Marjorie Housepian Dobkin http://www.greecetravel.com/smyrna/)
The disaster and burning of Smyrna by the Turkish meant the end of the 3.000 years of Hellenic presence in Asia Minor. A million refugees, who were middle-class Greeks, went to Greece in complete poverty. More than 150.000 Greeks of the Pontus region and more than 400.000 Greeks of Asia Minor died in the massacres. The Asia Minor Disaster led to loans of 992 millions in French currency.
During the early 1940s, Berlin, in order to have financial means of securing its strategic objectives in the Balkans, the Mediterranean basin and Libya, had imposed the strictest conditions on Greece, under occupation, to finance and feed the German armies active in the area. Greek agriculture was almost entirely feeding the German armies in the Libyan front.
As a result, in 1941 Greece was in famine, with thousands of Greeks dying on the streets. London, on the other hand, had decided against supplying foodstuff to the Greek population in order to encourage them to resist.
This was a source of stress for Germans, who feared public unrest. The problem was also high on the agenda of the Italian/German Financial Summit in Rome, during March 1942. It was at this point that the Italian banker and Regent in Greece d'Agostini proposed that Greece "borrows" as a country in order to confront its problems. This meant that the impoverished Greek State, under occupation, would be forced to borrow from both Italy and Germany in order to be able to pay for the German military forces. A literally FORCED LOAN of 1,5 billions.
The agreement for the loans was signed on March 14 1942 by Altenburg and Gidzi - Regents of the two occupying powers (Italy and Germany). There were no invitations issued to the Greek Government and there were no Greeks present. Altenburg announced the loan to the Greek Government through his note 160/23.3.1942.
The agreement stipulated the following:
· (Article 2) The Greek Government is obliged to pay the German occupation forces 1.5 billion drachmas every month.
· (Article 3) Any withdrawals by the Greek Government from the Bank of Greece over and above that amount would be considered by the Italian and German Government as a drachma loan, with 0% interest.
· (Article4) The loan will be payable l a t e r.
· (Article 5 ) The agreement will come into operation retrospectively from January 1 1942.
This 'agreement' was drafted by the Italian and German governments and was imposed on the Greeks.
Greece opposed. Greece, in all three international Conferences that took place following the defeat of Germany, i.e in 1945 in what was called the reparations conference, in the 1946 conference that took place in Paris and in the November 1947 Major Powers Conference, separated the issue of the loan from the question of war reparations and asked for its repayment. It has continued to demand the repayment of the loan ever since (1964, 1965, 1966, 1974, 1991, 1995).
Germany has consistently rejected the Greek demands for justice, with arguments of no legal or logical substance. Their final argument has been that such claims have become redundant after 50 years - overlooking the fact that Greece first raised the issue in 1945.
Germany today must remind itself that the very imposition of the loan was against Article 49 of the Hague Convention (1909) which is still in force today.
Germany should remind itself that its occupation of Greece increased inflation in that country by 15.000.000% - a world record not broken since. Inflation caused the forced loan to be raised to 8 billions.
The Italian Gidzi acknowledged this situation stating "Greece is being squeezed like a lemon". Mussolini, himself, is quoted as saying: "Germans stole from the Greeks even their shoelaces"! And the German Minister of Finance Funk, in June 1943, wrote in an article: "Greece suffered from this war more than any other country".
Greece is still not compensated for Germany's war crimes and cultural treasures stolen by the Germans.
-This article by Tasos Iliadakis, Phd in Sociology and Political Science, was first published on January 25 2010 in the daily paper 'The Country' in Crete and was translated by Michael Youlton of ILR (March 1st 2010).
The President who started the major downfall of Greece by borrowing money without the people's consent, or even awareness: Andreas Papandreou (1919-1996).
Who was he?
His grandfather was Zygmunt Mineyko, Polish-Jew. Zygmunt's daughter was
Zofia (Sophi) Mineyko, who married George Papandreou and had a son, Andreas Papandreou.
Andreas in 1941 started his studies in America and married in 1951 the Amerikan-Jew Margaret Chant.
Andreas and Margaret make children, including George Papandreou, today elected prime minister.
Andreas Papandreou was funded in 1974 by the bank of Rockefeller (Chase Manhattan Bank) with 100,000,000 dollars for the construction of PASOK (a party that became one of the 2 strongest political parties in Greece). Here is the contract:
Common sense says that if a banker gives U.S. dollars, they want their money back with interest.
Andreas, of course, becomes Prime Minister of Greece, in 1981.
What did he do?
He put a padlock on large enterprises of Greece (izola, pitsos, elinda, etc etc) (=industries closed forever) through the increase of wages and benefits in double its original amounts, without lowering the taxes the companies paid so as to create a balance. Greece's production and industry was hit to the point of no return.
Besides that, he increased by 1000% the public employees who do not produce revenue for the state (like the industries did). He expanded this way the bureaucracy rendering it more difficult to start a business in Greece.
Results: the country has no revenue (no money from production and industries) but it has costs (to pay public employees). Next step (which was the plan) was to borrow from "familiar" banks (and to repay the obligation to Rockefeller).
Greece for the first time in the history of over 200.000 years of existence reaches the point of consuming more than it produces. Andreas borrowed money and created a debt of over 100 billion rendering Greece captive to the Banks with no hope of returning the money since he destroyed healthy revenues.
See the document above certifying that Andreas Papandreou in 1974 signed a pact with the U.S. and Rockefeller and the details of the agreement.
What the text says:
1. The selected retirement of the establishments of Greece will be decided only by the U.S.government. Andreas Papandreou is only allowed to give verbal deviations.
To satisfy the Radicals (left) he can allow voters to review the defense agreement between Greece and USA.
3. Minimize the power of the Communist Party of Greece. This reduction should not exceed the limit agreed with fellow KGB.
Small verbal "conflicts" with NATO and the EEC are allowed, but not open warfare.
5. The link between U.S. and Greek government will be to reassure NATO officials.
6. (Deleted with a marker)
7. If and when desired by the group weapons stored in Greece will be replaced or exchanged with new nuclear ones.
9. When the CIA and DIA need weapons for covert operations abroad, the government of Papandreou will make sales and transfers to the prices then in force. We be informed by the logistics (armed forces) of U.S.A.
10. The Papandreou government will not raise the issue of Cyprus (The Turks attacked and occupy half of the island) so there will be lack of problems with Turkey.
14. The tolerance of terrorism and (the rest quenched with a marker)
11. The economic issue will be regulated by Brian Crosier. Companies that support Papandreou, will provide 100,000,000 dollars for the creation of the new party. (Have 3 words deleted) ARAMKO (also deleted 2 words with a pen), of Wall Street is (1 word deleted). Banks: Chase Manhattan Bank (4 words deleted)
The document was signed in August 1974.
Once again, common sense says that if a banker gives U.S. dollars, they want their money back with interest.
So USA decides for Greece and Andreas is only allowed "verbal deviations". Andreas, of course, must return the "favor" -to Rockefeller- by starting to borrow money from them to make Greece captive of the banks, so the country can be taken advantage of later ( ...;now!).
The governments that followed, always in cooperation with the private banks that supported them, continued the destruction and selling of Greece through the same system of loans and always WITHOUT the Greeks' knowledge and consent.
In 1998, Prime Minister Simitis created the Public Debt Management Agency
and then assigned to this Agency the management of the debt, previously managed by the General Accounting Office. WHY; The Public Debt Management Agency had a 5-member Board, in which 4 authorized the General Manager to make independent decisions on whether we need loans- how much we need - at what rate we'll get it -what conditions and where.
Manager: PETER CHRISTODOULOU, employee OF THE GOLDMAN SACHS!
In 2001, Simitis chooses, out of other options, the most despicable way to enter the European union. The government "hires" (pays 300 million to) Goldman Sacks, the vampire firm, to hide a loan of just 1 billion. In the meantime, let's try to believe that the poor countries of Europe did not have any idea about this and about Greece's economy. Was Greece ever a threat? A country whose production, as we said, was hard hit? NO. The European countries did not care about this, because the money from the loans they gave to Greece went straight back to them through imports VW, BMW, Mercedes, Opel, Audi, Bosch, Siemens, Miele, AEG, Lidl, Renault, Peugeot, Citroen, Carrefur, weapons, trains, vessels etc.
Greece owes less money than Norway, Netherlands, Italy, Belgium, USA, Japan, UK, Spain, France, etc. http://www.economist.com/content/global_debt_clock
Even though, Greece's debt was and still is less than many other countries, Greece was severely attacked. Why? If you look at Greece's mineral wealth, you might get the point of what they are really after: http://www.scribd.com/doc/52680710/%CE%95%CE%9B%CE%9B%CE%97%CE%9D%CE%99%CE%9A%CE%95%CE%A3-%CE%9F%CE%A0%CE%A5-%CE%A7%CE%91%CE%A1%CE%A4%CE%95%CE%A32-1#archive
Through market games, such as CDS (Credit Default Swaps), and attacks against the reputation of Greece's economy (in other words, playing the game of the induced and promoted 'bankruptcy' of the country), Goldman Sacks, Deutsche Bank, JP Morgan, and others of less power, won billions at the expense of Greek people (not at the expense of the corrupted governments).
On 27/5/2011 people requested that the government provides a list of the loans received and the amount of money returned.
All powerful political parties, PASOK - ND - LAOS, refused! Why?
Either the government did not take any loans or the money went into the pockets of the politicians. This debt is, therefore, questionable on so many levels. Greek people got next to nothing in this 'game' and paid for all of it.
- How is it possible for the private Greek banks to have borrowed a total of 108 billions at a 1% rate -using as guarantee the Greek public sector of a "bankrupt" country? ...;Obviously, the Greek leaders must be plain idiots compared to the Greek banks, since they borrow money at a rate of f 5.8%, according to the first Memorandum, and recently higher.
The fairy tale of Greeks not paying back the loans ...;
Greece is a classic example of victimization by the transformation of the Western economy into an imperialistic "debtocracy", not only because it has been paying back the same loans again and again, but because with these loans (whatever money did not go to pockets) it purchased military equipment and products of the countries that lent the money!
If you consider that from 1994 to 2010 Greece paid back 571 000 000 000 (five hundred seventy-one billion euros), you can maybe imagine WHAT Greek people have actually paid for the last 200 years!
The Greek people have been paying back 200 times the value of loans, some of which the country never got, or at least not in full, and some were forcefully imposed. The truly needed loans were financial 'crumbs' given to fight for people's independence, which have been paid back in full and more!
Greece even compensated Ottomans who illegally occupied for 4 centuries, for the any losses caused by the virtuous Greek revolution of freedom.
Greece, in turn, was never paid by the thieves of the German Reich that stole fortune of Greece, devoured the wealth, the resources and ravaged the place and massacred the Greek people.
The Greek were prompt loan payers over the past 200 years! And what Germans, Austrians and Dutch are asking today, are only merely super-interest and repayments, and recapitalization of interest. They don't want the truth exposed, as they are the main offenders and those who benefited from the Greek wealth!
The offenders' story: "Greeks evade taxes" ...;(Really?)
Is there really so much tax evasion by the Greeks? We already mentioned that in Greece we have a disproportionate amount of public employees. They can't evade, since their wages are public. We have children and the many elderly (retired people can not evade either). There are about 1 million people who are free businessmen/ businesswomen. From this amount, 700.000 owe money and can't continue their business. The rest 300.000 people have professions such as doctors and lawyers, nothing to do with trade or production. Draw your own conclusions.
Whose evasions are noteworthy? -Still, not the cause of any "crisis".
I doubt there is a country in the world that is more helpful and generous to immigrants than Greece, even illegal ones. Immigrants including Albanian people, who have tax-free work, have also bought properties in Greece and moreover transfer money to Albania. If the state requested their tax returns and opened their bank accounts to reveal the deposits and withdrawals, then the money they owe would probably cover the amount of Greece's debt.
Tax evasion of Jewish companies, who "by law" pay no tax. What kind of violation of the constitution is?
Attiki Odos - Rion - NATIONAL ROAD - NGOs - PENSIONS - AIRPORT EL.VENIZELOS - OTE telecommunications - postponement of 20% taxes for MEDIA commercials, the VODAFONE fine, rents of buildings, etc.
The Medium-term fiscal preposterous plan ...;
· To dismiss124.000 public employees to save 250.000.000. At the same time 1.656 people of the Parliament, politicians and employees, cost 210.000.000.
· A number of other parameters that violate basic human rights.
· The sale of public buildings
· The giveaway of mineral wealth, water, natural gas, sun & islands, opap lottery, elta, oil, Greek defense systems
- Above all laws is the Constitution that says that all Greeks are equal when it comes to law. Thus, the politicians who voted for immunity law and for the law on non-responsibility of ministers (laws saying that for the same violation, for which citizens go to prison, the politicians do not), are traitors and illegal, since they defy the Constitution. Their signatures are illegal and void. Greeks do not acknowledge them.
Greece belongs to the Greek people and not a few rogue politicians or clan of rogues, like governments and banks (and not the people) of France, Germany, Finland, Netherlands, USA, or the IMF. http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2011/may/06/fears-euro-greece-prompt-secret-talks
Greeks don't ask from the offenders to show gratitude, because Greece gave them the light of civilization (for free!). Greeks only demand their freedom. If Greece belongs to the Greeks and the Greeks n e v e r put the country into debt or guarantees, then there can be no seizures against the assets of neither the people nor the country. Plain LOGIC!
- Can Greece be "saved" by paying back the loans? (...even though it would be unfair since the loans were forced on Greeks and illegally mounted). YES! Here are a few suggestions ...;
But, do 'they' want Greece saved? NO. Why? They want a piece of the cake. Islands, public sector, mineral wealth etc.
Wall Street Journal: Want to Buy a Piece of a Greek Island? Greece's Government Prepares to Sell Up to $42.9 Billion of Public Property ...;